Apulia is theregion at the top of the chart as far as capacity is concerned

In 2011 photovoltaic has become the main source ofrenewable energy in Italy (apart from hydroelectric power), beating also windpower.


In 2011 the field of photovoltaic, in Italy, wascharacterized by a real boom, which made this type of energy be the switching power adaper most usedone, apart from hydroelectric power. The overtaking of photovoltaic power tothe detriment of wind power took place in February 2012: in this month thephotovoltaic power produced 10.678 GWh, while wind power produced 10.568 GWh.And the gap became more evident in the following months, with the 14.490 GWh ofthe photovoltaic against 11.541 GWh of the wind power in May. This is the resultof the data collected by the research office of Confartigianato.


Other interesting data about the use and developmentof the photovoltaic in Italy come from the Statistical Report on Solar PV in2011 released by Gestore dei Servizi Energetici (GSE). The first relevant datumemerging from the report is the placement of Italy at the second place in theworld as far as PV capacity in operation is concerned. With its 330,000 activePV plants (this datum regards the end of 2011), 12.780 MW installed and 11 TWhproduced, in the chart of the countries with the greatest PV capacity Italy issecond only to Germany. The report confirms that 2011 was the year of the boom:also thanks to the coming into the operation of the 3,700 MW of the decree“Salva Alcoa”, the new PV capacity installed in Italy in 2011 was bigger thanthat of any other country, Germany included.


The excellent solar radiation that characterized 2011and helped the boom of PV was a consequence of one of the hottest summers ofthe century, when there was also a lower rainfall and the thinning of fog. Themost productive month, in this sense, was May, with an average maximum of 809W/m², but there has been a general improvement in all the months.


Among all the Italian regions, some stand out as faras the number of installed plants is concerned. The distribution of plants, inthe Italian regions, is not homogenous, and the regions with the biggest numberof plants are Lombardy (28.692 plants) and Veneto (44.997). Apulia is theregion at the top of the chart as far as capacity is concerned, with 2.186 MW.Apulia is the record holder, in Italy, also as far as average size of plants isconcerned (95,4 kW), while lagging behind in this ranking is Valle d’Aosta(12,5 kW).


As far as the types of PV plants are concerned, 49% ofpower in Italy is installed on the ground, while 41% is on buildings. 6% is ongreenhouses and canopies, and 4% in other places, like highway noise barriers.The plants on the ground boss the show in the regions of the South and centreof Italy, while in the north plants on buildings are predominant. Theconcentration of plants on greenhouses and canopies is high in Sardinia,Calabria and Liguria.


This problem can be sorted if you look for a broken metal strip inside the fuse box

Car power windows ensure that you have absolutely no problem with your car windows. Not only do they close the windows with the push of a button, but require less force as well. Even kids can easily operate the power windows. However you should also keep in mind that they can also be subject to repair as well.

The best part about car power windows is they function as smooth as possible with minimum of force and they go up and down with the simple press of a button. However like all devices over a period of time, they can also be subject to repair. In some cases in spite of hitting the button the car power windows do not work. There are a lot of reasons for this. However with careful observation you can set them right and it is simple for anyone to handle this type of auto repair on your own.

The first step is to identify the reason for the problem in car power windows. So before you start to fix the car power window, half your job is done once you are able to find out the problem behind the malfunction of the power window. The most common culprit in such cases is dirt and dust. This causes the power windows to malfunction. Next, the fuse boxes situated underneath the dashboard could have also have gone faulty leading to this problem. This problem can be sorted if you look for a broken metal strip inside the fuse box. If the problem still persists then there could be some trouble with the wiring connected to the fuse box. Once the power flows to the electrical circuit you can rest assure the power windows will be back to normal. Other possible reasons could be the fault with electrical motor and faulty car window regulators.

Now that you have identified the source of the problem you can start off by fixing the problem on your own. As you have opened the door panel of the window you can look for any faults in the window regulator and motor. Look for any bolts holding the regulator of the window and remove them as well. Remove the wire connections and fit them with a Power Supply Boards new one in case the old window regulator is broken.

If the window regulator is free of problems, the problem might be attributed to lose connections in the wiring of the power window. If the problem still persists, the problem could be finalized by looking at the electrical motor. You can confirm this by testing the motor by using a multimeter. If the multimeter shows infinite resistance and zero current, this indicates that your motor is broken and it needs to be replaced.

Once you are finished diagnosing the problem of your windows, do what you need to do to fix it (replace the motor, regulator, wiring, or fuse). Tighten the bolts and put the moisture barrier back on. Reinstall the door panel and test if the window is working well again by pressing the switch.