The same is true of the so-called Independent members

Under the present consitutional provisions, Jalan says, as a consequence of amendments carried out in 1985 and in 2013 to prevent defections, now there is also a built-in perverse incentive for the fragmentation of political parties at the time of election.He also feels it is of utmost importance that the anti-defection law be made applicable to all parties and so-called Independent members who choose to join a coalition government in power.

The same is true of the so-called Independent members who are supported by some political party during elections. Such an amendment to the anti-defection law will go a long way in strengthening the principle of collective responsibility of the cabinet to the people, as enshrined in the Constitution, says Jalan in his book India: Priorities for the Future published by Penguin. In the Lok Sabha, with 543 elected members, a party with, say 10 or 15 members (even less), can join the government, enjoy ministerial berths and then delay or help in amending a cabinet decision on an important policy measure. Jalan, who was a nominated member of the Rajya Sabha from 2003 to 2009, says that, however, if the same person is a member of a small party of five or ten members, a consensus to defect among all of them or only three or four of them, and switch from one coalition to another, is easier to achieve.

New Delhi, Aug 7 (IANS) Former Reserve Bank of India Governor Bimal Jalan says anti-defection law should be amended to reduce the built-in incentive for the fragmentation of parties and to improve governance by making members to seek re-election if they switch China Auto Brake Hose Manufacturers sides.. This is because the smaller a party, the greater the ability of an individual legislator to defect to another party in search of political power. In other words, parties that join a coalition should not be able to defect without having to seek re-election. Thus, for example a member elected from large national party has very little discretion to defect without the support of a substantial number of other members who also wished to defect. In a situation where multi-party coalitions are the norm, all regional or caste leaders with a handfull of constituencies naturally have a much greater incentive to form their own separate parties rather than join a large party, he says.

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