The same is true of the so-called Independent members

Under the present consitutional provisions, Jalan says, as a consequence of amendments carried out in 1985 and in 2013 to prevent defections, now there is also a built-in perverse incentive for the fragmentation of political parties at the time of election.He also feels it is of utmost importance that the anti-defection law be made applicable to all parties and so-called Independent members who choose to join a coalition government in power.

The same is true of the so-called Independent members who are supported by some political party during elections. Such an amendment to the anti-defection law will go a long way in strengthening the principle of collective responsibility of the cabinet to the people, as enshrined in the Constitution, says Jalan in his book India: Priorities for the Future published by Penguin. In the Lok Sabha, with 543 elected members, a party with, say 10 or 15 members (even less), can join the government, enjoy ministerial berths and then delay or help in amending a cabinet decision on an important policy measure. Jalan, who was a nominated member of the Rajya Sabha from 2003 to 2009, says that, however, if the same person is a member of a small party of five or ten members, a consensus to defect among all of them or only three or four of them, and switch from one coalition to another, is easier to achieve.

New Delhi, Aug 7 (IANS) Former Reserve Bank of India Governor Bimal Jalan says anti-defection law should be amended to reduce the built-in incentive for the fragmentation of parties and to improve governance by making members to seek re-election if they switch China Auto Brake Hose Manufacturers sides.. This is because the smaller a party, the greater the ability of an individual legislator to defect to another party in search of political power. In other words, parties that join a coalition should not be able to defect without having to seek re-election. Thus, for example a member elected from large national party has very little discretion to defect without the support of a substantial number of other members who also wished to defect. In a situation where multi-party coalitions are the norm, all regional or caste leaders with a handfull of constituencies naturally have a much greater incentive to form their own separate parties rather than join a large party, he says.

The judge dismissed the argument that the shove

The Portuguese player, 32, was also fined 3,005 euros (3,538) for the action against the referee and 800 euros (942.97) and 350 euros (412.The sole judge on the RFEFs Competition Committee, after reviewing Real Madrids defence statements, first of all made clear that the referee was the only sportive authority during the match and his decisions were irrevocable.Ronaldo, who entered the field in the 58th minute to replace French striker Karim Benzema, was first booked for taking off his jersey as he was celebrating a spectacular goal in the 79th minute.

The judge dismissed the argument that the shove had been an instinctive response from Ronaldo, as Real Madrid claimed, and instead called it an unjustified and disproportionate reaction.84) for the dismissal, while Real Madrid was fined 1,400 (1649. The two teams are set to face off in the second leg at Santiago Bernabeu stadium in Madrid on Wednesday.Sundays match, which was held at Barcelonas Camp Nou stadium, ended with a 3-1 win for Real Madrid.De Burgos said in his report after the match about the incident that Ronaldo had pushed him lightly following his dismissal.The judge also considered that the player violated article 96 of the disciplinary code, which forbids pushing the referee and imposes bans ranging between 4-12 matches for that action.

Three minutes later, he got his second yellow card after the referee decided his fall inside the penalty box after vying for the ball with Barcelona defender Samuel Umtiti had been faked.The RFEF said the decision was subject to appeal before the Appeals Committee within 10 business days.49), respectively.IANSpur/dgPost Source: Ians feed.RFEF banned Ronaldo for one match due to him being dismissed following two yellow cards one for taking off his jersey while celebrating a goal and the other for simulating a penalty and another four matches for pushing the matchs referee, Ricardo de Burgos Bengoechea, reports Efe.Madrid, Aug 14 (IANS) The Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) on Auto spare parts Suppliers Monday imposed a five-match ban on Real Madrid star forward Cristiano Ronaldo, who had lightly pushed the referee after being shown a red card during the first leg of the Spanish Super Cup against FC Barcelona