Why did you create cryptocurrencies? A tour of the history of digital money

The first and most famous cryptocurrency – Bitcoin – was invented in 2008. Only the pseudonym of the Bitcoin creator Satoshi Nakamoto is known. He is a man, a woman or a group of people – is still unknown. In order to explain what Bitcoin is and why it was created, it is necessary to understand what the blockchain is – the technology underlying this cryptocurrency.

Blockchain is a technology that allows you to transfer information, including financial transfers, without the participation of a third party, without an intermediary. All information is recorded in blocks and cannot be changed or deleted, as it is stored on all computers (nodes) of the network at the same time. If you try to change the information in one place, all other computers on the network will not confirm the change and cancel it.

For money transfers, this means that the transaction will take place directly from one user to another, bypassing the intermediary in the form of a bank, payment system or state. These traditional payment systems can affect the transaction, delay it, require various confirmations. This was one of the main tasks of Satoshi Nakamoto. He wanted to create a system in which transactions would not require an intermediary and were reliable and anonymous. This system was Bitcoin. Find more at the https://winten.win

Also, for transfers using the blockchain, the geographic location of the addressee and the addressee does not matter – you can make a transfer from any country to any other country, regardless of their political differences and sanctions. Now international bank transfers of fiat money are processed and delivered within 3-5 days. With the use of blockchain, this time can be reduced to hours and even minutes.

Where do bitcoins come from?

Bitcoins are created using mining. This English word draws an analogy between Bitcoin, “digital gold”, and real minerals. So, bitcoin is mined or mined. The extraction process itself consists in solving complex mathematical problems using computer power. At the same time, all transactions with Bitcoin are recorded in a chain of blocks, which are also checked for authenticity by computers (nodes) of this network. Since the nodes have information about all transactions in the network, they can confirm the transaction or recognize it as illegitimate in the case of, for example, trying to use the same tools twice.

In order for the number of blocks mined by miners in one day to remain unchanged, mathematical tasks are complicated in proportion to the increase in computing power of computers in the Bitcoin network.

A total of 21 million bitcoins can be mined, of which about 17.5 million already exist. The last bitcoin, due to the increasing complexity of mining, will be mined only in 2140.

How is the transaction in the Bitcoin network?

As there are no bitcoins in the form of ordinary coins, so there are no them in the form of files on the network. All bitcoins are only records of transactions in the network. For example, in the transaction of transferring one Bitcoin will be indicated:

  • Data on where from this bitcoin wallet this sum of bitcoins (records of previous transactions);
  • The number of bitcoins sent;
  • The address of the bitcoin wallet of the person to whom the transfer is made.

Further, transaction records for a certain amount will be detached from the addressee’s wallet and attached to the addressee’s wallet. If in the purse initiating a transaction there are no transaction records for a specific amount that is transferred, a transaction record with a large number of bitcoins will be attached to the addressee’s wallet. In turn, a reverse transaction with a “change” will be created, which will be attached to the sender’s wallet.

For the transfer will need to pay a commission. It is the main source of income for many miners who confirm transactions. Usually, the commission is low, but if the sender wants his transaction to be confirmed faster, he can pay extra. It is noteworthy that during the peak period of the Bitcoin price in 2017, the transaction fee reached $ 55.


Good day, dear readers. You have probably noticed how the number of cyclists has increased over the past few years? If you recall the summer of 2010, then see a cyclist in my city with a population of about 400 thousand. people it was a real rarity. Only old women and grandfathers rode bicycles on the outskirts of the city. Some six years have passed and the number of lovers of fast (compared to walking) and environmentally friendly transport has increased. Moving around the city on my aluminum horse, I now and then meet the riders of different age groups and gender. Also you can rent valencia bike, at the Pelican Bike. Some may say that “The reason for this is a crisis, expensive gasoline and public transport,” but I still tend to make a conscious choice of outdoor enthusiasts. Why do people increasingly choose a bicycle? Everything is quite simple:

1. Price. Yes, in the current economic situation, due to the high cost of foreign currency, prices for bicycles (and not only) have become about two times higher than, for example, in 2014, but still, a decent machine can be found in the range of 20-30 thousand rubles Depending on individual preferences, it is much cheaper than alternative, two-wheeled, summer transport such as a motorcycle or even a scooter.

2. Health. A very significant factor. When riding a bike, almost all muscle groups work, especially when driving on rough terrain. In addition, the cardiovascular system is strengthened, the volume of the lungs increases, the extra calories are burned in problem areas, the figure becomes more prominent in shape.

3. Environmentally friendly transport. Here the Greens will especially rejoice and those who are not indifferent to the ecology of the planet. The bike does not emit harmful emissions into the atmosphere, does not require ozone-depleting substances in maintenance.

4. Emotions. Not everyone knows, but during physical exertion, the hormone endorphin is released – this is one of the hormones of joy and happiness of a person, and, of course, vivid emotions from visiting new places.

5. Beautiful views. If driving around the city to turn off the asphalt roads and get out of the “urban jungle”, then in a few minutes you will see magnificent views of wildlife. In my opinion, the most enjoyable bike walks are rides in the parks and forests of your city. Inhaling clean, saturated with oxygen and phytoncides, the air can be distracted from all worldly problems no worse than using the practice of meditation.

Of course, where there are pluses, there are minuses, about them below:

1. Injuries. One of the most “fat” minuses led riding in my opinion – it is injury. Anyone, regardless of the level of training and experience, can fall very badly off the bike, damaging the limbs. Also, when moving around the city, there is a risk of hitting a motorcycle cyclist, but this only threatens those who travel mainly by road, subject to the rules of a standard bike ride: moving only along the sidewalk and on pedestrian and cycling paths, crossing the road only under the signs of a pedestrian crossing , leading on foot, not crossing the “zebra” riding a bicycle (by the way, driving a “zebra” on a bicycle is a fine, paragraph 24.8), give in to cars leaving the yards, then the risks associated with the danger of getting sa will be minimal.

2. Thefts. Yes, the bike, like any other property can steal. But if you take the necessary security measures – this can be avoided.

3. Cyclists – trouble for the economy, they do not pay for parking, gasoline, taxes on roads, are not repaired in services, less often use the services of pharmacies and clinics, as they have good health. I hope you understand that this was a joke, but seriously, I don’t see more minuses, if you see, write in the comments.

Главные достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга

В данном разделе собраны главные достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга — с фото, видео, подробным описанием (контакты, режим работы, стоимость входных билетов), местоположением на карте. Из статьи вы узнаете, какие достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга будут интересны детям, что можно успеть посмотреть за выходные, сможете подобрать летние и зимние варианты маршрутов по городу.

Санкт-Петербург — город великолепной архитектуры и богатейшей истории, где сконцентрировано невероятное количество достопримечательностей. Выверенная архитектура — с просторными центральными улицами, торжественными площадями и сотнями самобытных зданий, о каждом из которых можно рассказывать долго и увлекательно, словно развернув учебник истории и справочник по архитектуре.

Петербургские музеи демонстрируют сокровища царской России, напоминают о военно-морской славе и советских достижениях, хранят память о деятелях культуры и искусства, в увлекательной, интерактивной форме преподносят информацию о городе детям.

В Санкт-Петербурге работает более сотни театров. Местные коллективы с мировым именем регулярно выпускают премьеры и радуют зрителей культовыми постановками.

Не нужно забывать и о том, что в историческом центре в зданиях-памятниках располагаются кинотеатры с артхаусной программой, огромные книжные магазины и букинистические лавочки. Культурная программа в городе отлично сочетается с походом по магазинам.

Чтобы не растеряться и не забыть о личных знаковых местах, перед поездкой стоит составить список достопримечательностей Санкт-Петербурга с маршрутом на каждый день поездки.

Найти главные памятники архитектуры, обзорные площадки, парки, культурные центры и многие другие интересные объекты поможет карта Санкт-Петербурга с достопримечательностями на Туристер.Ру.

Что посмотреть в Петербурге за 1 день

Классический первый визит на день в Санкт-Петербург — это, конечно же, обзорная прогулка по центру города.

Начать знакомство с Петербургом стоит прогулки от конца Невского проспекта, площади Александра Невского, в сторону Адмиралтейства, ориентируясь по его шпилю, который также видно из любого места на Гороховой улице и с Вознесенского проспекта.

По дороге получится насладиться торжественной петербургской архитектурой, пройти площадь Восстания, украшенный скульптурами Аничков мост через Фонтанку, Екатерининский сквер с памятником императрице, Гостиный двор, самый низкий городской мост — Казанский, великолепный Казанский собор, затем по Зеленому мосту через реку Мойку и наконец добраться до Адмиралтейского проспекта и Дворцовой площади. Далее можно задержаться и побродить по Эрмитажу либо продолжить путь через Дворцовый мост к Биржевой площади. Еще один вариант — задержаться в центре города, отклониться от Невского проспекта, чтобы побывать в Александровском саду или подняться на смотровую площадку Исаакиевского собора, дойти до Медного всадника. Альтернатива продолжению прогулки — дать отдых ногам и наконец расслабиться на Марсовом поле.

Отличным вариантом для одного дня пребывания в городе могут стать готовые обзорные экскурсии: подобных предложений много от гидов проекта Эксперты.Туристер.Ру.

Исаакиевский собор © Igor Butyrskii

Что посмотреть в Санкт-Петербурге за 2 дня

Для первых суток можно придерживаться уже обозначенной экскурсионной программе максимум, а для второго дня отдыха в Санкт-Петербурге продумать другой формат. Интересный вариант — экскурсия в дворцовые комплексы в пригороде Петербурга, например, в Петергоф (Большой дворец), Пушкин (Екатерининский, Александровский дворцы, лицей Пушкина) или Павловск (Павловский дворец).

Второй популярный формат — «музейный день» с обзором нескольких музеев-сокровищниц столицы. Но тут нужно быть внимательным: для детального знакомства на день получится запланировать только 2–3 крупных музея, таких как Кунсткамера, Эрмитаж, комплекс Петропавловской крепости, музей крейсера «Аврора». Лучшее завершение вечера (любого из дней) — поход на спектакль или музыкальное представление в один из петербургских театров.

Что посмотреть в Санкт-Петербурге за 3 дня

Трехдневная программа отдыха в Санкт-Петербурге тоже предполагает выбор приоритетных маршрутов, так как даже за этот срок (и за неделю) невозможно охватить все главные достопримечательности города и ближайшие пригородные дворцовые комплексы.

При хорошей погоде один из дней можно почти полностью посвятить отдыху на Крестовском острове — в парке развлечений «Диво Остров». В пасмурные дни не трудно найти альтернативы в крытых комплексах — таких как «Маза парк» или крупные аквапарки.

Еще одно направление — самостоятельно открыть Петербург литературный: побывать в музеях-квартирах любимых писателей, сфотографировать посвященные им памятники или даже пройтись по маршруту Раскольникова. На свой вкус можно подобрать и другие необычные места: отметить на карте скульптуры львов, неординарные архитектурные объекты, парк миниатюр, маршруты вдоль набережных. Для многих туристов в обязательную программу также входят круиз по рекам и каналам Санкт-Петербурга и фотография неба из двора-колодца.

Достопримечательности Петербурга для детей

Стандартные маршруты по Санкт-Петербургу для школьников — экскурсионные: поездки до дворцово-парковых комплексов, изучение экспозиций музеев или прогулки по центру города по Набережной Невы, мимо Медного всадника и Исаакиевского собора.

Can card games be healthy?

The negative consequences and shortcomings of card games are very common subjects. She devote sites, publications in the media and even entire books. There are as many articles that tell about why ludomania arises and how to counteract it, as well as publications on various related issues. Read more at the https://www.casinoz.club/content/card-games-and-health-666.html

Thus, ordinary people form a rather solid image of gambling as a phenomenon directly connected with various crimes and the criminal world as a whole, as well as with debauchery and other evils. An ordinary person is sure: if you only decide to take bones or maps, your life will roll into fiery hell so fast that you don’t have time to look back.

This may seem strange, but scientists do not share such a categorical point of view. On the contrary, they believe that card games have a lot of advantages, moreover, they can have a beneficial effect on their well-being. What are the advantages of this hobby?

Can card games be healthy?

Bridge, poker and not only – plus the ability
It turns out that playing cards is not only entertainment, but also a great way to develop a certain skill.

So, it remarkably helps to discover and develop talents in mathematics, because a person has to do a lot of calculations in his mind and keep in mind the options for moves. The ability to determine how likely victory in a given scenario is a necessary skill for a good player.

Also, he literally has to develop psychological skills, because the experience when playing cards is better to keep hidden. This helps to pretend and hide their intentions from an opponent, and the developed ability to read people, on the contrary, contributes to the disclosure of their ideas. A good player by gestures and face of rivals easily guesses how successful their alignment is and what their intentions are.

Also, the card game develops memory, since the player has to not only keep the cards in his mind, but also remember what the opponents do, which is an excellent training.

And this communication in an informal setting is a valuable thing for the modern world. And this is an invaluable experience, because where else, if not for the party of cards, there are people of various activities, conversations with which expand the horizons.

Cards – helpers of the elderly

If grandmother and grandfather like to spread a party with small stakes, their grandchildren should not be worried, because the game may well turn out to be unexpectedly useful for them.

First of all, because it stimulates thinking abilities that inevitably deteriorate with age if they are not stimulated. A card alignment can just serve as such a stimulation!

It is useful for old people to play bridge and poker – they force them to fully concentrate on the game process – this time, look for the most advantageous strategy – two, calculate what their opponents will do – three, decide on the basis of this information what to do with them – four. That is, such a party is not only great entertain an elderly person, but also make his brain convolutions cool to move. Just do not confuse classic poker with video poker, which is available in various online casinos.

A study conducted at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (2014) revealed that the difference in brain sizes of people who like card games and those who are not fond of them clearly speaks in favor of the former. And this is really important information for the elderly, because the brain is reduced under the influence of various degenerative diseases, such as senile sclerosis and others.

Can card games be good for health

Naturally, there are other ways to stimulate brain activity, but if you like card games, why refuse them – this method has the right to become preferable.

And you can play in live opponents and with the computer. Online blackjack or video poker can be an excellent training for gray cells!

Of course, it is at least reckless to consider card entertainment as a cure for Alzheimer’s and other degenerative diseases, but many researchers believe that they are useful. So, this is what Kate Josephs, a Mayo clinic neurologist (this is in Rochester, Minnesota), says: “They can delay the onset of the disease, that is, a person can act almost as usual for a while. However – Otherwise, the struggle with dementia in the elderly may eventually develop into a struggle against gambling, which is difficult for the elderly.

And playing cards … strengthens the immune system! Such an unexpected “side effect” of this unusual hobby was revealed by scientists during the experiments. They clarified that this ability has only those games where it is necessary to concentrate attention, to attract mathematical skills and to possess a developed memory – for example, bridge, blackjack, poker and other similar entertainment.

The fact is that they help the player to increase the level of T-lymphocytes, which are known to be responsible for eliminating the infection – these are “killers” who fight the affected cells and can be the secret means of longevity. An amazing theory was confirmed by Marian Diamond – this neurologist arranged an experiment in which older people who love to play bridge participated. After the game, they took tests that showed elevated levels of these lymphocytes.

Choosing The Best Blanket For Summer

Many look forward to the arrival of summer and change not only the contents of their wardrobe, but also the filling of the sleeping bed. Warm and soft blankets, which guaranteed comfort during sleep during the cold season, are folded into vacuum bags, and they are replaced by blankets for the summer – thinner, lighter, allowing you to hide and not experience discomfort from the heat or temporary coolness.

What are the blankets to buy for the summer?

Several options are possible, depending on the preferences and desires of the consumer, external factors (the presence or absence of air conditioning in the house, climatic and weather conditions). Read more about best cooling blankets.

On the label of a blanket for the summer, you can find symbols in the form of one filled point – a light blanket, or two – lightweight (to create moderate warmth). This should be guided when choosing.

Many have been looking forward to the arrival of summer and changing not only the contents of their wardrobe, but also the filling of the sleeping bed. Warm and soft blankets, which guaranteed comfort during sleep during the cold season, are folded into vacuum bags, and they are replaced by blankets for the summer – thinner, lighter, allowing you to hide and not experience discomfort from the heat or temporary coolness.

What are the blankets to buy for the summer?

Several options are possible, depending on the preferences and desires of the consumer, external factors (the presence or absence of air conditioning in the house, climatic and weather conditions).

On the label blankets for the summer you can find the following designations:

  • in the form of one shaded point – a light blanket,
  • or two – lightweight (to create moderate warmth).
  • This should be guided when choosing.

Thin summer blankets without filler

Ideal for sleeping in rooms without air conditioning (or with minimal use), on the hottest days of summer, as well as for people who prefer to take refuge with soft, but thick blankets. It can be waffle, terry sheets used as blankets.

Waffle sheets like summer blankets

Women’s sheets are presented in the online store of satin bed linen by models from TM Nazenin and HomeLine.

Their advantages:

Naturalness 100% bamboo leaf, which has natural antibacterial properties, are products from TM Nazenin.

Summer blankets with filler

Designed for people who prefer to sleep, covered with a soft, air blanket, as well as for use in rooms with air conditioning and during cool nights.

It can be silk blankets, blankets made of bamboo or eucalyptus fiber (tencel).

Silk blankets for summer

Unique in their properties (adjusted to the ambient temperature and the temperature of a person), silk-filled blankets in the store are represented by the following brands:

  • Billerbeck,
  • La Scala,
  • Word of Dream.

Silk blankets have a cooling effect during the heat and the preservation of heat during the cool season, moreover, due to the high hygroscopicity, they are ideal for people suffering from excessive sweating.

Eucalyptus Fiber Blankets

Blankets filled with eucalyptus fiber (tensela) can be an excellent option for relaxing on hot summer days and nights. The online store Satin recommends the use of quality products from TM Billerbeck.

Benefits of using Tencel blankets in summer:

High degree of hygroscopicity. Due to the enhanced capillarity of eucalyptus fibers, the tencel perfectly absorbs and evaporates moisture from the surface, so the product remains dry and the sleeping person does not experience discomfort even during the hottest nights.

Air exchange Due to the porous structure of the fiber, the blankets allow air to pass through, creating optimal conditions for sleeping.

Softness and lightness. Eucalyptus fiber blankets are virtually weightless.

How to choose poisons for mice: types, effect, reviews

The appearance of rodents in the room or on the site is always accompanied by troubles. In addition to spoiling winter harvesting, grain stocks and perennial plants, mice are carriers of serious diseases. Therefore, it is recommended to systematically carry out deratization or get rid of rodents using poisons for mice. Let’s try to choose the best mouse poison.

Poisons for mice: which is better to use Not only the effectiveness of the drug, but also the safety of its use depends on the quality of the poison for rodents. It is best to purchase such funds in companies that are professionally engaged in deratization or in specialty stores. In the modern market of anti-rodents, the poisons for mice are represented by three main groups: Anticoagulants. These drugs contain components that block the formation of platelets. As a result, the blood of the rodent stops clotting, and the mouse dies from multiple internal hemorrhages.

Biological poisons. Include in their composition of special bacteria that cause gastrointestinal diseases. When using them, the mouse is completely destroyed in 7-10 days. The peculiarity of these drugs is that the rodent who has eaten the poison infects all the surrounding mice. In addition, these funds are classified as poisons with a low hazard class. Widely used: Baktobortstsid, Denisyuk. Inorganic poisons. These funds are made on the basis of potent synthetic components and heavy metals.

These drugs kill rodents already within 1-2 days. But such poisons are very dangerous. They are harmful to the environment and pose a significant threat to people and animals. The most effective: Krysin, Fumifos, Alphos. All types of mouse poisons are made in the form of powder, soft and hard briquettes, tablets, granules or grains. Therefore, it is very easy to choose the most convenient option.

Poisons with a mummifying effect. A special category of poison for rodents is mummifying poisons. As manufacturers advertise, such tools contribute to the mummification of the mouse corpses. This prevents the decomposition of the dead animal and the appearance of a foul odor. Preparations of this category are successfully used in enclosed spaces and in open areas. In addition, these poisons have a complex effect. They destroy not only mice, but also other pests such as rats and moles. The most effective means of poisons in this category are: Mortorat Rat Killer Storm After consuming these funds, the mice tend to leave the room and burrows.

Therefore, after 5-7 days, it will be possible to find dead rodents in different places. Mummifying poisons for mice are highly toxic. Therefore, when using them, you must wear latex gloves and airing. And best of all for a few days to leave the room. Means that are safe for pets When it comes to deratization, it is often a question of the safety of poisons for pets. In this case, it is unimportant to live cats and dogs indoors or in the yard. To prevent poisoning of their pets, it is best to remove them from the treated area during the extermination of rodents.

Insect treatment with fog generators. Best mosquito fogger – pros and cons

There was a small argument about whether fog generators are effective in insect treatments. Today we will try to tell what it is all about, what is so attractive in them and why they are not used wherever possible.

Cold Mist Generators

To date, there are many options on the market for this device from heavy industrial generators on gasoline engines to compact electric sprayers. But the principle of operation of all these devices is the same: the working solution is sprayed under pressure into a powerful stream of air, where the further breakdown of the solution drops to a size of 50-100 μm occurs (depending on the device). Cold mist escapes from the spray nozzle at a temperature equal to the ambient temperature. When you exit the fog dissipates, filling the room, but since the drops are large and not heated, the fog stays in the air for no more than 4 hours (an average of 2.5 hours).

Insect treatment with fog generators. Pros and Cons Disinsection, Cold mist generator, Hot mist generator, Dry mist generator, Long post

In addition, any substance in the form of an aerosol has a high chemical activity. Due to this property, any substance, being in the dispersed (sprayed) state, manifests its properties to a much greater degree than in the initial state.

Read more how to choose the best mosquito foggers

Based on the long-term experience of pest control, it is safe to say that the cold mist generators have positively proven themselves as a tool to combat bed bugs and other pests, and have many positive reviews. However, in the cold mist treatment method, there are also disadvantages, which will be discussed below.

Hot mist generator

The principle of operation of the thermomechanical generator is that the working solution of the insecticide is injected into a stream of hot, high-velocity gas. In this case, the liquid is first broken into tiny droplets, and then these droplets almost instantly evaporate due to the high temperature of the gas. The cooling effect caused by the expansion of the gas and its contact with the relatively cold ambient air leads to condensation of moisture in the form of droplets ranging in size from 1-20 micrometers. These droplets form a dense cloud, usually called a mist, which comes from the point of its formation due to the velocity of the gas escaping from the tube.

Insect treatment with fog generators. Pros and Cons Disinsection, Cold mist generator, Hot mist generator, Dry mist generator, Long post

The main advantage of the hot mist generators over the cold is that if the cold mist generators always give out the same aerosol with fixed particle size, the hot mist generators form an aerosol with a particle size that is minimal for these temperature and humidity indicators. That is, a hot mist from the same generator will have a different dispersion in an environment with warm dry air and in an environment with cold moist air.

Also, GT generators can work with both solutions based on oils with a high-temperature flash point, and with aqueous solutions.

Pros and cons

Now consider these two tools for pest control in comparison.

When using cold mist generators, it should be taken into account that the aerosol of the working solution obtained by this method has a relatively large dispersion.

This means that in a room filled with furniture, such an aerosol cannot penetrate deeply into various irregularities (cracks, cracks, holes) and evenly distribute itself over the entire surface area of ​​the dwelling. The biology of bed bugs is such that they like to hide in hard-to-reach shelters and even stay in them for a long time, longer than the exposure time (that is, the time during which the room is closed and not used for the period of “pickling” with the preparation). Often it is necessary to carry out labor-intensive work on the “disclosure” of space or to conduct pest control in several stages with a frequency of 1 every 2-3 weeks. Also, cold fog visibly moisturizes the treated room, which can adversely affect electrical appliances and other items with a wetted surface. Of the minuses, it can be noted that the cold mist, as compared with the hot one, penetrates into the upholstered furniture worse.

Hot mist generators, in turn, are devoid of all the above disadvantages. However, such devices have a more complex structure, consume more energy, and require highly qualified staff, which significantly affects the cost of work. And when using working solutions based on organic solvents (usually glycerin), they are still fire and explosion hazardous.

P.S. Dry fog generators

More recently, dry fog generators have appeared on the Russian market. There are 2 types of these devices: electric and propane.

Insect treatment with fog generators. Behind and Against Disinsection, Cold Mist Generator, Hot Mist Generator, Dry Mist Generator, Long Post

Working with such a generator is not very different from its fellows: the generator is poured with the means that is fed to a special nozzle with a sapphire tip. The nozzle means under pressure is sprayed into the chamber of a thermal nozzle in the form of the smallest particles with a size of 0.25 – 0.50 microns. From the thermo-nozzle comes a dry fog, which quickly spreads indoors.

Initially, the generator was positioned as a device for removing unpleasant odors, but later it was decided to use it in disinfection. Conventional insecticidal agents will not be suitable for this generator (there will be no fog, normal spraying), but only products with the addition of a special base, which are sold separately. We have found such means so far 2:

  1. “Basis of Dry Smoke with an Insecticide Paragraph”
  2. “The basis of Dry Smoke with insecticide Confidant”

As the addition of an additional component of Dry Smoke to an insecticide affects its effectiveness, it is not yet clear. If you have experience with this device, share it in the comments, we will be interested 🙂
In the end, I would like to note the important point that the quality of the disinsection depends not on the chosen method, but on how applicable this method is in a certain situation. Therefore, the qualification and professionalism of the disinfector play a key role in the disinfection work.


How to get rid of rats and mice in a private house so fast?

Sanitary Service

If you do not know how to deal with the beast in the house, it is best to contact the sanitary support service. All questions about how to get rid of rats in a private house, should be asked only to specialists. If time does not begin to get rid of the rats, soon the problem will acquire horrific proportions. It is important to mention that only masters of deratization should get rid of rats in a private house.

This question worries many summer residents and residents of the suburbs, where contact with nature occurs constantly. to get rid of rats in a private house in an apartment requires from the master much more accuracy than the process of sanitization in the field.

If you are worried about how to get rid of rats in a private house – contacting the health service will become mandatory. Only the masters of companies know how to get rid of parasites in the house. To understand how to get rid of in the house, experts in deratization carefully examine the peculiarities of the territory, studying how to destroy the pest.

If you find animals in the country – the question of how to get rid of rats in a private house becomes extremely important. You do not know how to get rid of animals in the country? – contact the health service “ECO-CAPITAL”. You will receive an answer to the question “how to get rid of rats in the country”, consult with the master about the methods of prevention from rodents.

Rat facts

Rats are amazingly smart creatures. Their mind is unique, despite the small size of individuals. The rat’s brain weighs very little, and rodents alone are terrible, but collectively they pose a serious danger to people. They gather in flocks. This allows them to survive when the loners do not survive and die. The pack will exist at the expense of the general mind and cunning.

They are excellent and far swim. In the course of the experiments, it was found out that the rat is able to cross a distance of half a kilometer from one island to another. They know how to skillfully climb pipes and other vertical surfaces, penetrating the house. When crawling into narrow slits and holes, their body can shrink to the size of a quarter of the girth of the animal.

Compared to humans and other animals, rats are much more tenacious. They can eat garbage, live in their burrows, burnt, and multiply rapidly and actively. Their teeth are a convenient and interesting instrument. When chewing the lower and upper jaws do not touch, which prevents abrasion of the teeth. Unlike the teeth of other animals, their teeth grow throughout life. Even an old animal has sharply honed teeth, with which it is able to gnaw lead products, steel, concrete or wood. In a private house, they eat everything. Their omnivorous nature allows you to survive in almost any conditions, even when there is nothing to eat. The fight against rats lasts as long as the parasites live with people – throughout the life of mankind.

They were heated and burned, in later times they began to fight. Poison is part-time and poison for animals and people. But people tried to use it carefully. They learned to recognize poisons. Extremely savvy, the pests no longer ate the poison of the whole flock but waited while several rats tried to poison. If those who ate the poison die, then from the flock they no longer touch the “delicacy” left by people. The animals report the result of the experiment to their fellow absents at that time. These clever creatures have learned to avoid poisons and to fight has become more difficult. People are now inventing new poisons – now not acting so fast, on the eighth or tenth day. The parasite’s organism gradually began to mutate, changing and recognizing new poisons. Mutant rats are almost invulnerable creatures – it is difficult to fight, their body adapts to the poison much faster than human.

It is unlikely that you often see a rodent in your private home. Often the holes are located in the walls of houses. Rat passages can be seen by accidentally stumbling upon them, or by breaking walls during construction. Remember – the rat in your private house is a signal of danger.

Gray rats are the most common type living near humans. The territory of Russia is inhabited by gray rodents (Datsyuk). Masayuki – large creatures. The body reaches forty centimeters, the tail – twenty. They live in basements, in warehouses, lower floors of houses – the main thing is closer to people. Clever and very well oriented, fertile and omnivorous, so often can be found close to the habitat of people.

Black rats – a species that is less common. Due to medium-sized sizes (2 times less than gray Datsyuk), they cannot compete in number with Datsyuk. Black reproduces twice as slowly, so the species remains less noticeable.

What are the dangerous rats?

It should be clarified – this is not about cute home animals, clean and “cultivated” rodents, but about wild, hungry and evil creatures that live in huge flocks and do not disdain anything.

They are aggressive, especially the pack. Single attack people too, but at and cases are quite rare. Attacks occur at night when a person is sleeping. A dangerous individual is considered to be driven into a corner – it will fight to the last. The bites of rodents, given the size of their teeth, are unpleasant and painful, and heal poorly for a long time. If you bite into the blood of a person or animal can get infected. To date, there are no recorded cases of killing a person by bites. This does not mean that the problem can be treated lightly and not to fight.

Rodents, live relatively long but have time to multiply with amazing speed. One couple in their entire life manages to produce up to six thousand descendants, and as a result, it becomes more difficult to fight them.

Parasites destroy a huge number of crops. Sometimes they do not eat the crops completely, but infect them, as a result, the crops become useless. According to statistical calculations, they destroy about one-fifth of all crops on Earth.

Fighting rodents is not as easy as it may seem at first. To poison them in a private house, it is necessary to apply extremely effective methods of struggle. Many hope that you can fight with simple household chemicals. However, pestilence, as the answer to the question “how to get rid of rats in a private house,” looks much more complicated. The sea in the conditions of the city is a separate complex type of deratization operation. Only with the help of professional methods, you can make a quality pestilence. After all, in order to poison, the experts use only proven methods that can really poison. If you do not know how to get rid of rats in a private house, then you should contact the sanitary control service.

Fighting rodents in a private home is an area of ​​professional disinfection. Fight in a modern way: the removal of parasites in a private home is carried out with clear instructions for work. Fighting parasites in a private home can also take an indefinite time, it all depends on the complexity of the case. However, the extermination of the villains can be carried out by modern and traditional methods. Correctly deal with parasites in a private home can save you from the problems of these domestic parasites. It should be borne in mind that professionals should fight rodents in a private house. Self-ride of rats is not worth it.

Self-fighting rats in a private home

Defeating rodents can only be done by using strong chemicals. Sanitary and epidemiological services are well acquainted with all existing means of disinfestation and are able to effectively get rid of rats in a private house. Independently fight in a private home is extremely difficult. Only SES specialists are engaged in the destruction. They are guaranteed to carry out the destruction, in all conditions.


Раскладывающиеся диваны редко могут похвастаться идеально ровной поверхностью, подходящей для полноценного отдыха. По мере использования на поверхности мебели появляются различные углубления, вмятины и дефекты, что неблагоприятно сказывается на его ортопедических свойствах. Выход из ситуации довольно прост – достаточно обзавестись тонким компактным матрасом, позволяющим мгновенно выровнять спальную поверхность.

Специфика тонких матрасов на диван

Даже самый видавший виды диван в мгновение ока можно превратить в комфортное спальное место. Для этого нужно лишь правильно подобрать тонкий матрас – изделие, известное рядом особенностей:

  • Его высота варьируется от 2 до 8 см, но даже их хватает для полного сокрытия швов, стыков, дефектов и вмятин на спальной поверхности.
  • Внутренне устройство топпера лишено блока пружин, благодаря чему матрас быстро сворачивается и может храниться в шкафу. Гибкость и компактность изделия существенно облегчают его транспортировку.
  • Топпер оснащен специальными фиксаторами в виде резинок или петелек, удерживающих его на спальной поверхности.
  • Компактные матрасы удобны для всех, кто желает утеплить спальную поверхность осенью и зимой.

Насколько удобен топпер для дивана?

Как выбрать лучший тонкий ортопедический матрас на диванКомпактные тонкие матрасы на диван с ортопедическим эффектом практически ни в чем не проигрывают их стандартным аналогам. Топперы также способны выравнивать спальные поверхности посредством плотного соединения раздвижных частей дивана, а также способствуют анатомически корректному положению позвоночника. Благодаря данным свойствам топперы снимают нагрузку с суставов и мышечных групп, улучшают общее самочувствие и способствуют приливу бодрости с самого утра.

Предлагаем рассмотреть лучшие современные материалы наполнения для тонких матрасов. Производители применяют следующие наполнители:

  • Койра кокоса – материал, представленный в виде растительного волокна, добываемого из плодов кокоса. Койра отличается долговечностью, устойчивостью к износу, способностью выдерживать повышенные нагрузки без ущерба эксплуатационным качествам.
  • Натуральный латекс – материал, изготавливаемый на основании каучука. Эластичный, долговечный, надежный латекс способствует отменной терморегуляции.
  • Пенополиуретан – доступный по цене наполнитель, позволяющий сделать любую спальную поверхность удобной для здорового сна.
  • Пенный наполнитель с эффектом “мемори” – “запоминающий” материал, точно повторяющий изгибы тела отдыхающего во время сна.

Как правильно подобрать тонкий матрас для дивана?

Расскажем о том, как не ошибиться с выбором топпера. Современный ассортимент данных изделий столь многообразен, что порой сделать верный выбор довольно проблематично. Производители предлагают тонкие беспружинные матрасы для диванов любых типов конструкции:

  • французских раскладных;
  • аккордеона;
  • книжки.

лучший тонкий ортопедический матрас на диванВыбор топпера производится исходя из параметров спального места, которое необходимо измерить заранее. Не менее важную роль играют ваши личные предпочтения и требования к изделию. К примеру, модель Comfort Кокос с фиксаторами по бокам, размеры которого составляют 80 х 190 см, сглаживает дефекты поверхности, придавая ей твердости. Двусторонний тонкий матрас для дивана Aero Memo Come-For с аналогичными параметрами позволяет регулировать степень жесткости поверхности: вы можете придать спальной поверхности как жесткости, так и мягкости.

Как зафиксировать тонкий матрас на диване?

В процессе выбора диванного матраса следует определиться с оптимальным типом фиксаторов. Различают топперы на резинках, петлях, липучках. Благодаря надежным фиксаторам и нескользящему покрытию тонкого матраса он надежно фиксируется на диванной поверхности, не съезжает в сторону во время сна.

Как отрегулировать степень жесткости с помощью топпера?

Использование компактного матраса позволяет не только выровнять диван, но также адаптировать под свои запросы степень его жесткости. Наибольшей твердостью отличаются топперы с наполнением из койры кокоса. Если вы желаете сделать поверхность дивана более мягкой, отдавайте предпочтение матрасам из синтетического или натурального латекса, пены “мемори”.

Перед тем как купить тонкий матрас на диван необходимо заранее определиться с несколькими вопросами:

  • желаемой степенью жесткости;
  • весовой нагрузкой;
  • регулярностью использования;
  • бюджетом на покупку.

Самый доступный по цене вариант – топпер из пенополиуретана, однако прослужить он способен не более 3-4 лет. На более продолжительную эксплуатацию рассчитаны матрасы из койры кокоса, латекса, комбинированные модели. При этом следует учитывать, что топперы из койры кокоса нельзя сворачивать.

Качественные тонкие матрасы – отличная альтернатива более дорогостоящим стандартным аналогам. Если грамотно подойти к выбору данного изделия, вы обеспечите себя полноценным сном при минимальных затратах.

Где купить тонкий матрас (топпер) для раскладного дивана?

Интернет-магазин “Магдек” предлагает внушительный выбор лучших тонких матрасов на диван по доступным ценам. Товар доставляется по Киеву и другим городам Украины. В каталоге можно встретить модели различных уровней жесткости, в наличии также имеются нестандартные размеры.

При возникновении вопросов о той или иной модели вы всегда можете обратиться за помощью к нашим консультантам. Они не только предоставят подробную информацию об изделиях, но также дадут ценные рекомендации по уходу и правилах эксплуатации.

Как выбрать детский ортопедический матрас.

Как хочется увидеть счастливую улыбку на лице ребенка, когда мы утром подходим к его кроватке!

Каждый день мы спрашиваем его: как тебе спалось? Не тревожило ли что-нибудь? И так ждем услышать в ответ, что все хорошо, снились замечательные сны. А если он нахмурен, вот-вот заплачет, всегда ли мы можем понять, в чем дело? Конечно, причин может быть множество, и одна из возможных – неудобный матрас, и как следствие — плохое настроение.

Что такое сколиоз?

В детском возрасте особенно важно следить за правильной осанкой ребенка.

важно следить за правильной осанкой ребенка

Одна из самых распространенных детских болезней — сколиоз, который развивается, если нет достаточной физической нагрузки, в результате неправильной позы во время работы за столом и, конечно, плохо обустроенного спального места.

плохо обустроенного спального места.

Сколиоз возникает в результате бокового искривления позвоночника; он может быть частичный, либо захватывать весь позвоночник. При нарушении осанки смещается центр тяжести тела, нарушается положение тел позвонков по отношению друг к другу. Это приводит к тому, что мышцы плечевого пояса и спины ослабевают, внутренние органы смещаются, нарушается дыхание, кровеносные сосуды могут ущемляться, ток крови по ним замедляется, происходит недостаточное насыщение органов кислородом. Врачи выделяют три возрастных периода, когда развивается сколиоз. Если он появился до 3 лет, это не так опасно. Как правило, в этом возрасте он проходит без всякого лечения, достаточно, чтобы ребенок много двигался, спал в удобной кроватке. Сколиоз, развивающийся в возрасте от 4 до 10 лет, гораздо более опасен, так как он быстро прогрессирует по мере приближения к подростковому возрасту. Подростковый же сколиоз – самый тяжелый. Он развивается между 10 и 13 годами, то есть в период бурного роста, когда костный скелет меняется особенно быстро. Врачи отмечают, что в 70 % случаев сколиозом страдают девочки-подростки.

Как узнать, есть ли у вашего ребенка проблемы с позвоночником? Конечно, если искривление довольно сильное, то вам не составит труда его заметить невооруженным глазом. Если же оно только начинается, то Вы, вряд ли его разглядите. Самый простой способ – прислонить ребенка спиной к ровной стене так, чтобы пятки, ягодицы, лопатки и затылок касались вертикальной поверхности, и посмотреть, какое расстояние между поясницей и дверью. В норме оно не должно превышать 1-2 см. Если же проблемы очевидны, то ребенка нужно отвести к врачу.

Как выбрать качественный детский матрас?

Многих из этих проблем можно избежать, положив на кровать ребенка качественный ортопедический матрас. Какой же матрас лучше всего порекомендовать детям?

Традиционно считается, что ребенок должен спать на жесткой поверхности. Но зачастую родители слишком усердствуют с жесткостью детского ложа, укладывая свое чадо чуть ли не на голые доски. Конечно, у ребенка не такие высокие требования к комфорту, как у взрослых, но все-таки стоит ли брать такую крайность?

• В первую очередь матрас должен быть безпружинным, т.к. только безпружинный матрас (эффект «тысячи пружин») может правильно распределить давление на различные части тела, создать мягкую анатомическую поддержку и оптимальный ортопедический эффект

Прыжки ребенка на безпружинном матрасе, не приведут к повреждению вунтреннего блока матраса, чего не скажешь о пружинном матрасе (не зависимо от типа пружинного блока – «бонель» или «пакетка»), который очень быстро может прийти в негодность.

• Если у ребенка нет серьезных проблем со здоровьем, то можно выбрать матрас средней или умеренной жесткости.

• Чехол матраса должен быть из натурального материала, который не будет «парить» тело и создавать статическое напряжение (синтетические ткани).

Отсутствие в матрасе металлических деталей, является огромном плюсом, т.к. любой метал, особенно в сочетании с синтетическим чехлом, создает электростатическое напряжение.

• Если вы хотите приобрести детский матрас с опцией «зима-лето»:

— чехол такого матраса должен быть изготовлен из ткани, которая осуществляет механизм терморегуляции – зимой, акуммулирует тепло на поверхности матраса, а летом, испаряет излишки влаги с тела человека, оставляя поверхность матраса сухой.

— «зимняя» поверхность должна находиться на верхней части чехла матраса (идеальный вариант мериносовая шерсть), а не cпрятана внутрь чехла и при этом обладая не совсем видимым и понятным составом (% содержания шерсти, тип шерсти, % хлопковых волокон).

• Некоторые родители, желая обеспечить ребенка всем самым лучшим, покупают изделия из одной кокосовой койры. Это не самый лучший выбор, так как, Для придания эластичности, кокосовую койру армируют, прорезинивают или латексируют (присмотритесь к разрезу кокосовой койры и вы заметите застывшие капельки этого процесса) , составы которые используются при этом в большинстве случаев содержат ФЕНОЛ и ЭТАНОЛ— не самые лучшие вещества для здоровья человека, а особенно маленького ребенка. Фенол не теряет своей токсичности на протяжении длительного периода и простым проветриванием матраса не обойтись. Крупные фабрики по производству матрасов давно отказались от кокосовой койры и конского волоса.