Wallpapers have been used as an interior design element since before the 18th Century. The earlier wallpapers would feature natural scenery or market scenes rather than the patterns we see today. Woodblock printing was used in the olden days; while some even used to be hand-painted.
With the turn of the 20th Century, wallpaper for walls became greatly popular. Thanks to advancements in technology, wallpapers have become affordable and also more durable. Today, interior designers swear by the power of decorative wallpapers when it comes to renovating a space. Their vibrant colours and textures add personality to barren walls. The market is teeming with different kinds of wallpaper types, based on the material they are made of.
Here, we list down the most popular types of wallpapers.
This cannot be used as decorative wallpaper. Lining paper is made from paper or fiberglass. It is used to hide any wall defects and cover minor imperfections. It is applied on bare walls or ceilings prior to wallpapering or painting. Lining paper is also sometimes used as a base for other wallpapers of the delicate nature. It comes in various grades of thickness. The thicker the paper, the better it is at covering imperfections.
Vinyl wallpaper for walls is the most popular type of wallpaper used in most homes and offices. It consists of a backing layer, a paper layer, and a plastic coating on the top. Vinyl wallpapers come with many advantages: they are washable, can handle exposure to light without any fading, easy to hang, relatively cheaper, and extremely durable. The thicker the layer of vinyl coating is, the more durable the wallpaper will be. These wallpapers can be used in the kitchen or bathroom, as it can withstand moisture. They are easy to clean, making maintenance much easier. The only drawback of vinyl wallpapers is that it does not allow walls to breathe. In some cases, they have been shown to release toxic fumes. Thus, vinyl wallpaper should not be used in rooms with poor ventilation. And they also have to be replaced every 10 to 15 years.
Non-woven wallpapers are made of a special blend of natural and synthetic fibers, making them both washable and breathable. These fibers can be easily found in common household products such as tea bags, coffee filters, and gauze. They are eco-friendly. Non-woven wallpapers are ideal for kitchens and bathrooms, as they allow the walls to breathe. There is no worry about mold. Non-woven wall coverings are also the most easy to hang wallpaper in the market. They are also tear-resistant, making them easy to apply when pasting on walls. They can also be cleaned with mild soap and water, making them easy to maintain.
Most of the modern wallpapers today are digitally printed. From soft florals to dramatic geometric, digitally printed wallpapers can feature all kinds of patterns. This is an economical solution for wallpapering, and allows home owners to choose their own design. It can either be mass produced, or be custom made. The printing ink is water-based, and thus, printed wallpapers cannot be used in kitchens and bathrooms.
Fabric wallpaper for walls is a sign of luxury and premium quality. They are usually made of textiles like silk, cotton, velvet, linen, raffia, and more. This wallpaper looks and feels like a high-end plush fabric on your wall surface, giving a glamorous feel to the space. Fabric wallpapers are breathable, flame retardant, and stain resistant. They are extremely expensive and difficult to hang.
Bamboo wallpaper is eco-friendly and sustainable. Made of bamboo, each roll of bamboo wallpaper varies in its colour and texture; juts like natural bamboo. Bamboo gets affected by high moisture, and thus, this wallpaper cannot be used in the kitchen and bathroom. They are not washable. Bamboo also has antiseptic characteristics. This wallpaper not only prevents moss from growing on your walls, but it also helps in killing germs. Bamboo wallpaper needs to be handled delicately when hanging and gluing on the wall.
Grass Cloth Wallpaper
Grasscloth wallpaper is an umbrella term used to describe wallpaper for walls made using hand-woven natural fibres that are pasted on a rice paper backing. This includes jute, raffia, arrowroot, sea grass, hemp, and more. Grasscloth wallpapers are highly textured wallpapers, with the hand-woven strands creating knots and frays. They are an eco-friendly and sustainable option. Grasscloth wallpaper requires special application techniques, and is thus, expensive.