There are a handful of common dental problems many often suffer from, like cavities and toothaches. However, there are a few more severe issues that can affect one’s dental health, such as periodontal disease. Below you’ll discover more behind what this disease is and how it can be fixed with the help of Brighton Dental San Diego.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease affects the gums which can eventually lead to a deterioration of the jawbone. This disease usually comes in two forms: gingivitis and periodontitis.
What are the Differences Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?
While they both are a type of periodontal disease, both gingivitis and periodontitis have a few differences.
Gingivitis causes inflammation of the gums. This can occur in acute and chronic cases. Acute gingivitis tends to develop due to a type of injury to the jaw or surrounding area. Chronic gingivitis is formed usually because of a severe build-up of plaque.
Periodontitis is when the bone around your jaw and teeth is inflamed. It usually ends up causing pockets to develop around the teeth. Eventually, this can lead to your teeth loosening or falling out. Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis is not irreversible. However, its symptoms can be weakened with treatment.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
There are quite a few things that can lead to the development of periodontal disease.
- Hormonal changes (such as menopause or puberty)
- Certain medications
However, this disease can usually be prevented by observing good dental health techniques. This includes making sure to properly brush your teeth, replacing your toothbrush every few months, using mouthwash, and flossing often.
How to Fix Periodontal Disease
Your dentist, such as those at Brighton Dental San Diego, will be able to help fix periodontal disease in a few ways.
Give You Medications
Some dentists might prescribe certain medications depending on the progression of the disease. This could include antibacterial mouthwash, antibiotic gel, or oral antibiotics.
Scaling and Cleaning Your Teeth
For most cases, your dentist will scale and clean your teeth. They will scrap your teeth with tools or special devices to help remove bacteria and plaque. Your dentist will then rinse your mouth out to ensure any traces of bacteria are destroyed.
If your periodontal disease symptoms are chronic, your dentist might suggest having surgery done. This could include flap surgery and bone/tissue grafts. Flap surgery involves your dentist opening up the pockets created by the disease and emptying them out. They will then sew the area back up together so it can heal naturally.
Bone/tissue graft surgery will require your dentist placing an artificial piece of bone into your jaw. They might also place new tissue cells into the affected area to encourage new tissue growth.
Periodontal disease is a common problem that can drastically affect your dental health. While it can sometimes be prevented, other times it might be due to changes in your body. Because of this, it’s important to make regular visits to Brighton Dental San Diego to ensure they can catch the beginning signs of this disease and prevent it from progressing.